First Grade Learning Objectives
In first grade, we will be working hard to practice and master the following skills:
- Recognize the features of a sentence (for example: first words, capitalization, and ending punctuation).
- Recognize the spelling and sound of two letters that represent one sound, such as th, ch, wh (these are also known as digraphs).
- Learn to read regularly spelled one-syllable words.
- Understand how an “e” at the end of a word changes a vowel within the word.
- Break up longer words into syllables in order to read them.
- Read grade-level words that have “irregular” spellings.
- Know the difference between and reads fiction and non-fiction texts with purpose and an understanding of the plot and important ideas and characters.
- Talk about and answers questions about the text he reads.
- Read texts aloud at an appropriate speed and with expression.
- Compare different characters, events, or texts.
- Understand the purpose of and uses common features in a book, such as headings, tables of contents, and glossaries.
- Begin to read (grade appropriate) poetry and identifies words and phrases that relate to emotions and the senses.
- Write a variety of texts including, opinion pieces, narratives, and explanatory/informational pieces
- Write with structure, including an introductory sentence, supporting or accurate details, and some sense of closure
- Begin to use digital tools, including computers, to practice and “publish” writing
- Gather information as a class, with the aid of a teacher, to answer a question or create a shared research or writing project
- Add and subtract numbers 1-20, solves word problems by using objects, drawings, and traditional equations (with the plus and minus signs).
- Add 3 numbers that add to a number up to 20.
- Solve addition and subtraction problems by adding up or subtracting smaller numbers, for example: 10+4 = 10+2+2 and 15-6 = 15-2-2-2.
- Learn the relationship between addition and subtraction, for example: 2+3=5 and 5-3=2.
- Count out and group objects in order to solve single digit addition and subtraction problems.
- Count and write the numbers 1 to 120, starting from any number less than 120.
- Understand and create numbers using 10 as a base, for example: 12 = 1 ten and 2 1’s.
- Compare two 2 digit numbers using the <, >, and = signs.
- Add up to100 using objects and the concept of 10’s.
- Subtract or add 10 to a 2 digit number in her mind, without counting, and subtracts by 10 from numbers 1-90, using concrete objects or tools.
- Order three objects by length.
- Begin to tell and write time using both digital and analog clocks.
- Understand data; specifically, the total number of data points, how many are in each category, and how many more or less there are in a category.
- Understand the definition of and difference between shapes and creates shapes using this knowledge.
- Create 2 and 3 dimensional shapes.
- Break up circles and rectangles into two and four equal parts, and understands that the parts are halves, fourths, and quarters, and that smaller parts make up larger ones.
- Explore and experiment with the world around us and with objects provided by the teacher.
- Learn new facts about a variety of topics including: the human body, ocean and sea life, animals, measurement, electricity and magnetism, sound, and matter (the difference between solids, gases and liquids).
- Make observations and record what we see and learn using graphs, pictures, and words.
- Use our 5 senses to observe and learn about objects.
- Learn and talk about our own families and different types of families in the present and in history.
- Use and study maps to locate our own community as well as others.
- Develop communication and conversation skills.
- Create both group and individual work to represent what we have learned, using writing, illustrations, and graphic organizers such as Venn diagrams and T-charts.
- Begin to explore the role of technology and media.
- Gain an understanding of the importance of rules, citizenship, and democracy in the classroom and in our community.
- Learn about American holidays and important events and days.